Country Location: The Republic of the Sudan is an Arab republic in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa.
Country Overview: Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, most of which flourished along the Nile River, which divides the country into eastern and western halves. The terrain is generally flat plains, broken by several mountain ranges.
Sudan suffers from several challenges. For much of its history, the country has suffered from rampant ethnic strife and has been plagued by internal conflicts including two civil wars and the war in the Darfur region. Sudan suffers from poor human rights, most particularly dealing with the issues of ethnic cleansing and slavery.
Country Under 5 Child Mortality Rate (per thousand births): 73*
*Cited Source: United Nations, Interagency Group on Child Mortality Estimation, 2013