Country Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
Country Overview: Originally called Hispaniola prior to the arrival of the Europeans in 1492 – it became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1821 it was conquered and ruled by the Haitians from the western part of the island for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. After many years of dictatorial rule, regular elections were established and today it is a democratic republic.
Country Under 5 Child Mortality Rate (per thousand births): 27*
*Cited Source: UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children 2012